Archivo del Autor: MGuatyMarrero

Efemérides 5 de febrero: Día de la Constitución Política Mexicana.

Aniversario de la promulgación de la constitución política de México.

Como nación independiente, México ha tenido tres Constituciones que han definido a lo largo de la historia, la trayectoria institucional de nuestro país.

La primera constitución se hace en el año de 1824, la segunda se publicó cuando Benito Juárez fué presidente y en el año de 1857; en ésta se establecía la libertad de enseñanza, de imprenta, de industria, de comercio, de trabajo y de asociación.

Pero en el año de 1917 cuando Venustiano Carranza y Álvaro Obregón estaban al frente del país, la constitución se modifica en los Artículos 3o, 27 y 123, ya que son los que representan el espíritu social de esta constitución

Publicado por Maggie para Cjaronu

¿Sabías qué?

Al Capone odiaba los espaguetis y, por ende, casi todas las variedades de la pasta italiana. Lo contó en su biografía el actor George Raft, especializado en papeles de gángster y a quién,  Al Capone (gran admirador suyo) invito una vez a cenar. ¡Y le sorprendió con un menú de comida china!

www.erroreshistoricos.com

Publicado por Maggie para Cjaronu

Es hora de refrescar el blog

Publicado por Maggie para Cjaronu

Ante la ofensiva de Obama, un obispo implanta en cada misa dominical la oración a San Miguel

ReligiónenLibertad

Por el momento (hasta la noche del martes 31 de enero, hora española) son 115 lo obispos norteamericanos que se han pronunciado contra la reforma sanitaria de Obama que obliga a las entidades católicas (y de otras  religiones y opciones éticas) a pagar abortos y anticoncepción. (Lista actualizada en  CatholicVote).

De ellos, al menos 55 obispos han  hecho leer en todas las iglesias de sus respectivas diócesis comunicados de protesta, llamando a los católicos a la acción. El resto han protestado en cartas pastorales, en declaraciones a la prensa o en publicaciones diocesanas o  locales.

El discurso del cardenal electo Dolan de Nueva York ha ganado fama por su tono   dolido: Obama le había prometido que la norma no  afectaría a las entidades religiosas y se siente personalmente engañado y traicionado.

El discurso del arzobispo de Pittsburgh ha hecho historia: “Obama nos ha dicho al infierno con vosotros los católicos”, afirma (en  español Luis de Antequera prefiere traducirlo como “a la mierda con vosotros”, que conserva el toque coloquial, no teológico, de la  expresión inglesa).

Pero probablemente el discurso más épico ha sido el del obispo de Peoria (y antiguo superior de los religiosos de la Santa Cruz), Daniel R. Jenky, que ha reinstaurado en todos los templos de la diócesis la oración a San Miguel Arcángel, una oración “de guerra” que se usaba en EEUU durante la Guerra Fría para pedir por los cristianos perseguidos tras el Telón de Acero. El mensaje es claro: esto es una guerra (y no solo contra malos políticos, sino contra fuerzas más oscuras) y hay cristianos perseguidos: los católicos de EEUU.

Seguir leyendo:

Leer también:

Judíos, evangélicos, baptistas y pentecostales se suman a la resistencia católica contra Obama

Publicaco por Maggie para Cjaronu

Ayer fue el día de la Candelaria

Dos de febrero  fiesta de la purificación de la Virgen.

La Virgen de la Candelaria patrona de las Islas Canarias.

Patrona de Camagüey.

Historia

No hay acuerdo sobre el año de la aparición, pero la mayor opinión es que apareció en la desembocadura del barranco de Chimisay, parroquia de Güimar, 95 años antes de la conquista de Tenerife, es decir aparecería del 1400 al 1401. Fray Alonso de Espinosa escribió la historia en 1594.

En México, el Día de la Candelaria en el centro de México se acostumbra vestir al niño Dios del nacimiento navideño y llevarlo a oír misa, después de lo cual, es colocado en un nicho donde permanecerá el resto del año. También quien obtuvo el niño oculto en la rosca de reyes, haga una fiesta (tradicionalmente basada en tamales y atole, ambos productos de maíz.

Esta tradición tiene raíces prehispánicas; en muchos pueblos los habitantes llevan a la iglesia mazorcas para que sean bendecidas a fin de sembrar sus granos en el ciclo agrícola que inicia, pues el 2 de febrero coincide con el undécimo día del primer mes del antiguo calendario azteca, cuando se celebraba a algunos dioses tlaloques, según fray Bernardino de Sahagún.

Fuentes:

Wikipidia-

www.corazones.org

Imágenes Google

Publicado por Maggie para Cjaronu

Sen. Rubio introduces bill to overturn contraception mandate

Washington D.C., Jan 31, 2012 / 06:01 pm (CNA/EWTN News).- Senator Marco Rubio (R-Fla.) has introduced a bill to repeal regulations issued by the Obama administration that many faith-based organizations say would force them to buy health insurance plans that violate their consciences.

“The Obama Administration’s obsession with forcing mandates on the American people has now reached a new low by violating the conscience rights and religious liberties of our people,” Rubio said in a Jan. 31 statement.

Rubio also criticized the administration for “forcing religious entities to abandon their beliefs.”

He described his bill, titled “The Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 2012,” as “a common sense bill that simply says the government can’t force religious organizations to abandon the fundamental tenets of their faith because the government says so.”

On Jan. 20, the Department of Health and Human Services finalized a “preventative services” mandate that would require employers to purchase health insurance plans that cover sterilization and contraception, including some abortion-causing drugs.

The mandate includes a religious exemption, but it only applies to organizations that exist for the purpose of inculcating religious values and limit their service and employment primarily to members of their own faith.

The limited scope of the exemption means that most religiously-affiliated ministries and groups will not qualify for it.

Rubio introduced his bill on Jan. 31 “to provide religious conscience protections for individuals and organizations.”

The legislation observes that the mandate’s “absurdly narrow exemption,” which is “unprecedented in Federal law,” will exclude thousands of “charities, hospitals, schools or soup kitchens that hire or serve individuals who do not share their religious tenets.”

It points out that “religious freedom and liberty of conscience are inalienable rights protected by the Declaration of Independence and the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.”

Rubio’s bill also notes that the Department of Health and Human Services refused to broaden the religious exemption to the mandate “despite receiving thousands of comments protesting” against its narrow scope.

If the bill became law, it will prevent any regulations issued under the Patient Protection and Affordable Health Care Act from requiring “any individual or entity” to provide coverage or information on contraception or sterilization if that individual or entity is opposed to doing so “on the basis of religious belief.”

It also prohibits the imposition of a fine, penalty or other punishment on individuals or entities that make a religiously-based decision not to purchase such coverage.

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An Eye for Genius

An Eye for Genius: The Collections of Gertrude and Leo Stein

It’s easy to see the value of a Picasso painting now. But would you have bought one in 1905, before the artist was known? These siblings did.

By Arthur Lubow ~ Smithsonian magazine

Pictured are Gertrude, left, and Leo, center, by Picasso and sister-in-law Sarah by Matisse. ~ The Metropolitian Museum of Art, New York, Bequest of Gertrude Stein, 1946, Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

 

With its acid colors and slapdash brush strokes, the painting still jolts the eye. The face, blotched in mauve and yellow, is highlighted with thick lines of lime green; the background is a rough patchwork of pastel tints. And the hat! With its high blue brim and round protuberances of pink, lavender and green, the hat is a phosphorescent landscape by itself, improbably perched on the head of a haughty woman whose downturned mouth and bored eyes seem to be expressing disdain at your astonishment.

If the picture startles even after a century has passed, imagine the reaction when Henri Matisse’s Woman with a Hat was first exhibited in 1905. One outraged critic ridiculed the room at the Grand Palais in Paris, where it reigned alongside the violently hued canvases of like-minded painters, as the lair of fauves, or wild animals. The insult, eventually losing its sting, stuck to the group, which also included André Derain and Maurice de Vlaminck. The Fauves were the most controversial artists in Paris, and of all their paintings, Woman with a Hat was the most notorious.

“Woman with a Hat”

 Succession H. Matisse, Paris / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

 So when the picture was later hung in the Parisian apartment of Leo and Gertrude Stein, a brother and sister from California, it made their home a destination. “The artists wanted to keep seeing that picture, and the Steins opened it up to anyone who wanted to see it,” says Janet Bishop, curator of painting and sculpture at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, which organized “The Steins Collect,” an exhibition of many pieces the Steins held. The exhibition goes on view at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City from February 28 to June 3. (An unrelated exhibition, “Seeing Gertrude Stein: Five Stories,” about her life and work, remains at the Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery until January 22.)

When Leo Stein first saw Woman with a Hat, he thought it “the nastiest smear of paint” he had ever encountered. But for five weeks, he and Gertrude went to the Grand Palais repeatedly to look at it, and then succumbed, paying Matisse 500 francs, the equivalent then of about $100. The purchase helped establish them as serious collectors of avant-garde art, and it did still more for Matisse, who had yet to find generous patrons and desperately needed the money. Over the next few years, he would come to rely for financial and moral support on Gertrude and Leo, and even more on their brother Michael and his wife, Sarah. And it was at the Steins’ that Matisse first came face to face with Pablo Picasso. The two would embark on one of the most fruitful rivalries in art history.

For a few years the California Steins formed, improbably enough, the most important incubator for the Parisian avant-garde. Leo led the way. The fourth of five surviving children born to a German Jewish family that had relocated from Baltimore to Pittsburgh and eventually to the San Francisco Bay area, he was a precocious intellectual and, in childhood, the inseparable companion of his younger sister, Gertrude. When Leo enrolled at Harvard in 1892, she followed him, taking courses at the Harvard Annex, which later became Radcliffe. When he went to the World Exposition in Paris in the summer of 1900, she accompanied him. Leo, then 28, liked Europe so much that he stayed, residing first in Florence and then moving to Paris in 1903. Gertrude, two years younger, visited him in Paris that fall and did not look back.

Read more: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/An-Eye-for-Genius-The-Collections-of-Gertrude-and-Leo-Stein.html#ixzz1jk5UB3tE

Photos from: “An Eye for Genius: The Collections of Gertrude and Leo Stein”

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January 17, 2012

Published by Maggie